A most common information structure in our world is the tree. They are not always called trees, instead they are called in many ways: Folders in MS Windows, indented paragraphs in text documents, hierarchies, menus, outlines, tables of contents, chapters and sub-chapters, categories and their elements.
The first computer programs which allowed structuring of information were the so-called outliners. But trees are everywhere, they are in computer programs, newspapers, calendars, device manuals and so on. A heading with one or two items below is already a small hierarchy, a small tree.
An important feature of the tree is its creative power, and it is beneficial to be aware of it, for example that even the most chaotic looking information sources can be broken down into trees.
A tree is a hierarchy of lists and each list can contain (sorted or unsorted) elements. A tree is sufficient to show one perspective of a complex situation or problem. We get one perspective (the one we are interested in) and we get a clear instruction how to process this information, because the elements are ordered linearly. If the elements are tasks, then we get a clear todo-list.
If you have to solve a problem and you don't know how to start, then start with a tree! Already students learn that the path to success is to structure a word problem, or else risk to fail. A tree to solve a word problem would be like the following. The upper levels still have general character, deeper (e.g. more problem-specific) levels are not shown here.